Pain-relieving creams that are applied to the skin over the joints can provide relief of daytime minor arthritis pain. Examples include capsaicin (ArthriCare, Zostrix, Capsagel), diclofenac cream (Voltaren gel), salicin (Aspercreme), methyl salicylate (Bengay, Icy Hot), and menthol (Flexall). For additional relief of mild symptoms, local ice application can sometimes be helpful, especially toward the end of the day. Occupational therapists can assess daily activities and determine which additional techniques may help patients at work or home.
Individuals with arthritis can benefit from both physical and occupational therapy. In arthritis the joints become stiff and the range of movement can be limited. Physical therapy has been shown to significantly improve function, decrease pain, and delay need for surgical intervention in advanced cases. Exercise prescribed by a physical therapist has been shown to be more effective than medications in treating osteoarthritis of the knee. Exercise often focuses on improving muscle strength, endurance and flexibility. In some cases, exercises may be designed to train balance. Occupational therapy can provide assistance with activities. Assistive technology is a tool used to aid a person's disability by reducing their physical barriers by improving the use of their damaged body part, typically after an amputation. Assistive technology devices can be customized to the patient or bought commercially.
Glucosamine and chondroitin are substances that occur naturally in cartilage. Several studies have shown the benefit of oral glucosamine in osteoarthritis. In a systematic review, glucosamine was found to work as well or better than NSAIDS. (Although other studies have found it less effective.) Often glucosamine is used in combination with chondroitin, although studies are not clear as to whether there is added symptomatic improvement by adding chondroitin, there is suggestion that it may retard progression of the disease. These may be disease modifying agents, rather than just pain suppressing. Doses are 500 mg of glucosamine sulfate three times a day, with or without chondroitin sulfate 400 mg three times/day. A minimum of a 6-week trial should be completed before symptomatic assessment is made.
Up to 10% of invasive cancers are related to radiation exposure, including both ionizing radiation and non-ionizing ultraviolet radiation. Additionally, the majority of non-invasive cancers are non-melanoma skin cancers caused by non-ionizing ultraviolet radiation, mostly from sunlight. Sources of ionizing radiation include medical imaging and radon gas.
Patients who were more willing to bear adversity in the form of an abstract state, decreased quality of life, were more likely to believe, with 100% certainty, that they could be cured. Although conversations regarding prognosis should be conducted with all patients, those who are willing to trade quality of life for survival may especially benefit from conversations that focus on values and emotions.
Cannabis oil is a concentrated extract obtained by extraction of the dried flowers or leaves of the cannabis plant. It is not actually an oil, but derives its name from its sticky and oily appearance. The purpose of producing cannabis oil is to make cannabinoids and other beneficial components, such as terpenes, available in a highly concentrated form.
for other general statements see Smith TJ, Hillner BE (May 2011). "Bending the cost curve in cancer care". The New England Journal of Medicine. 364 (21): 2060–5. doi:10.1056/NEJMsb1013826. PMC 4042405. PMID 21612477. and Peppercorn JM, Smith TJ, Helft PR, Debono DJ, Berry SR, Wollins DS, Hayes DM, Von Roenn JH, Schnipper LE (February 2011). "American society of clinical oncology statement: toward individualized care for patients with advanced cancer". Journal of Clinical Oncology. 29 (6): 755–60. doi:10.1200/JCO.2010.33.1744. PMID 21263086.
A 2013 study by Luigi L. Romano and Arno Hazekamp evaluated the efficacy and purity of five cannabis extraction solvents, including ethanol, naphtha (a harsh industrial poison that should be avoided), and olive oil. The authors found comparable efficiency between all the solvents but noted that olive oil, a nontoxic solvent, was better at extracting terpenes along with the cannabinoids. Moreover, according to Hazekamp, “You won’t blow yourself up making cannabis-infused olive oil.”
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, cannabis use for medicinal purposes dates back at least 3,000 years. It was introduced into Western medicine in the 1840s by W.B. O’Shaughnessy, a surgeon who learned of its medicinal properties while working in India for the British East Indies Co. It became useful because of its analgesic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic and anti-convulsant effects.
CBD products that don't contain THC fall outside the scope of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency's (DEA) Controlled Substances Act, which means CBD products are legal to sell and consume as long as they don't have THC. That's likely one of the reasons why CBD products, including CBD oil, are becoming more socially acceptable and increasingly popular. In 2016, Forbes reported that CBD products are expected to be a $2.2 billion industry by 2020.